A study conducted by Gartner analysts recorded approximately 8.4 billion devices connected to the Internet (excluding smartphones) and it is estimated that by 2020 the connected devices will exceed the threshold of 20 billion.
However, it is important and necessary to distinguish IoT devices according to the market to which they belong:B2B and B2C.
The B2B market includes all the solutions that a company can implement to monitor and improve its value chain, optimizing and integrating the core activities of its business.Therefore, all the solutions that allow to increase the efficiency of the production systems, track and monitor the fleets and goods of the logistics companies, optimize and monitor the distribution and transmission networks.
The B2C market, on the other hand, includes solutions that fall within the framework of advanced home automation, connected cars and Smart consumer goods, that is all the products that are purchased and used by the final consumers, where a typical example is represented by wearable devices.
Therefore, there are many fields of application in which the “things” become smart, ranging from the Smart Home, to the Smart City up to the Smart Industry, this is because the IoT is now an area of great interest both for companies and for start-ups and also for big players that have decided to invest to develop or adopt some new solutions in order to offer or take advantage of the benefits that this technology is able to bring.
Below are some examples of INTERNET APPLICATION of THINGS in some AREAS, which show how powerful and pervasive the “IoT Cyclone” is, since it is now omnipresent in everyday life.
AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR, more and more advanced safety sensors have been developed in order to reduce the number of deaths caused by road accidents.
TRANSPORT SECTOR, for example, shipping companies have equipped their fleets with numerous sensors, in order to monitor critical on-board systems, weather and sea conditions and even the cargo.The processing and analysis of the data produced by the on-board sensors allow to optimize the routes, the safety and the stowage processes.
FINANCIAL SECTOR, ATMs with biometric sensors have been implemented.
HEALTH CARE SECTOR, patients may be equipped with wearables in order to offer doctors the possibility to detect some significant data without having to perform any operation, in this way doctors could have substantial amounts of information about each patient.
SMART HOME, the solutions are countless.In the field of home automation, there are thermostats and other devices equipped with their own intelligence, able to contribute to increasing energy efficiency and suggest solutions to users.
Source:“Sistemi&Imprese”, October 2018